How did Native Americans, specifically the Cherokees, resist removal? Why was this resistance ineffective? How could it have been more effective?

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6 Responses to How did Native Americans, specifically the Cherokees, resist removal? Why was this resistance ineffective? How could it have been more effective?

  1. Melissa J says:

    The Cherokees resisted removal by setting up their own national government which they based off the model for the U.S. Constitution. For their Chief they elected John Ross. After the Indian Removal Act was passed, the Cherokee nation began to protest because they were unwilling to move from their land. John Ross took their protests to Andrew Jackson, but Jackson ignored what they had to say. In March of 1832 the Cherokees brought their discontent to the Supreme Court. The Court found that Georgia’s Legislation on the Cherokees was unconstitutional. Jackson had the courts work around this ruling so they could find new ways to enforce the legislation. In 1835 John Ross and John Ridge worked with Jackson to have the Treaty of New Echota created. This gave Cherokees two years to leave their land and in return they were given 5 million dollars. Overall they were using legal ways to resist removal. They thought it would be best to take things to the courts to have things appealed. This was ineffective because the government didn’t take them seriously and President Jackson found new legal ways to work around the Cherokees stuff. I think it would have been more effective if the Indians had been more violent and threatening. If the U.S.’s safety was in danger I think they would have been more likely to make deals with the Indians and work to keep them happy so that they could stay out of any dangerous wars with them.

  2. ChrisK says:

    The Cherokee fought Indian Removal on a political level, for the most part. Their first attempt at resistance was the creation of a Cherokee nation. This nation would, ideally, be able to contend with the American government politically. When this nation was ignored and attacked, the Cherokee took their case to the Supreme Court instead. This legal and political method of avoiding removal was also ignored, so a treaty was created. None of these forms of resistance were particularly successful, though. The Cherokee were still forced to leave their land, and their march west was very hard.
    The Cherokee resistance was ineffective because their audience, the American government and specifically Andrew Jackson, wasn’t receptive to it. At the first sign of resistance, with the creation of a nation, the Georgian government, “gave the Cherokee nation six months to dissolve itself” rather than listen to its message. Similarly, when the Supreme Court ruled in favor the the Cherokee case, President Jackson ignored the ruling. This was a blatantly illegal decision, which he made because of how strongly he felt about the removal bill. With political entities who would take no heed from anything the Cherokees did, their resistance was doomed. To make the resistance effective, the Cherokee would have needed to speak to a different audience. Informing the American people or possibly foreign governments, anyone who could exert pressure on the American government, might have led to more successful results. Without these varied audiences, however, the Cherokee resistance had very little chance at success.

  3. Aaron R says:

    in response to the settlers anti-indian actions to move them west the cherokees stepped up and rebeled against their actions. the cherokees had set up a national government. they modeled it off of the united states successful government. they chose John Ross as their chief to lead their new government and help them keep their land. later on the indian removal act was passed and this upset the indians. they sent John Ross to defend them and protest against the new act. this was just ignored by Andrew Jackson and the united states in all. this was ineffective because they were not proactive in the situation they tried to rebel one good time but it failed because it was not strong enough. they then brought the case, “to the supreme court in march 1832, and the court found Georgia’s cherokee legislation unconstitutional and void” ( indian removal, the cherokees, and the trail of tears notes). this is saying that they failed in both attempts to get the indian removal act to be repealed. they did not have a strong enough argment to change anything.

  4. sean fl says:

    Sean Flaherty
    Many Native Americans resisted the removal but of these tribes the Cherokees were the most diplomatic and did the most to resist the national government. At first the Cherokees tried to assimilate into American culture and society however many American settlers and politicians still wanted the Cherokees to leave. The Cherokees continued to try however, adopting a constitution similar to Americas and even creating a capital city. This had surprisingly adverse affects upon the Cherokee nation and it only angered and scared the United States more. In response to this the U.S.A made a deal with a Cherokee who had no power at all. They would give the Cherokees five million dollars and the Cherokees would have to leave their land. At around the same time, Georgian legislative passed a bill that stripped the Cherokees of their civil rights. The Cherokees again tried to resist and went to President Jackson who ignored them, so they went to the Supreme Court who ruled the laws unconstitutional and void. President Jackson ignored them and did nothing and allowed the Native Americans to be forced off their land. I believe that the only way that the Cherokees could have been more successful would be if they took up arms and fought the government.

  5. miguelito freya says:

    Michael Frey
    How did Native Americans specifically the Cherokees, resist removal? Why was this resistance ineffective? How could it have been more effective?
    The Cherokees resisted removal because the established an organized government with John Ross as their representative. They fought for their write to stay. They drafted their constitution based of the United States constitution. John Ross brought the tribes protests to Jackson which were ignored, but the Cherokees kept trying. They brought their case to the Supreme Court. The court found the Georgia’s legislation unconstitutional and void. Though Jackson decided to ignore the ruling and told the court they would have to find their own way to enforce it.
    I think the Cherokee did a good job of organizing themselves. I guess it just wasn’t good enough though. Jackson still ound a way to force them out and take their land.
    I don’t think it was ineffective in the sense that they actually didn’t form a resistance and fight back against the American government to keep their land. They even wrote their own constitution based on the American one. I think Andrew Jackson should have noticed that the Indians wanted to be friendly and peaceful with them.
    It was ineffective in the sense that the still got kicked out of the their land anyway and forced to live in the west.

  6. Tyler Ginnett says:

    Tyler Ginnett

    I think that the Native Americans did the best that they could to resist their decent. The Cherokees attempt to adapt to the American culture was very effective in terms of getting on the good side of the Americans. They were very co-operative to what the Americans tried to influence on them. Although it may not have been what they wanted to do it was best to cooperate with the Americans, I think that this was very effective. They put a lot of effort into it yet it was not any help Andrew Jackson and his cause to rid of the Native Americans and push them to the east of the Mississippi River. I don’t think that it’s really that the Native American’s fault for not being able to resist, because I think that they did the best they could, seeing as that Andrew Jackson was fairly committed to removing them.

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